Republic Day India (Gantantra Diwas) Essay Speech (Information, Slogans, History, Theme 2018)
Indian had to fight to gain their independence from the British. Our ancestors used both violent and peaceful methods to deal with the foreign rule. Many lives were lost in this freedom struggle. Finally, all these hardships paid off and India was declared a free nation on the 15th of August 1947. This came immediately after the nation was divided into two parks, thereby creating India and Pakistan. But the actual status of the nation was not sealed until 1950. It was the year when the Constitution of India was officially came into being. This historic day has been given a special place and each year, the nation and its millions of people celebrate the 26th of January as the Republic Day. In 2018, India is all set to celebrate the 68th Republic Day.
Meaning of being a “Republic” Or “Gantantra”
When a country declared itself Republic it means the nation has its own government that will henceforth look after the needs of its citizen and protect its International borders with armed forces. Being a Republic means the government will not be influenced by any other power that comes from foreign lands. The government of a republic country has all powers to change its constitution and implement new laws and acts, which will come in handy to protect the sovereignty and independence of the nation. In a republican state, the common people have the power to form their own government and elected members represent the needs of its citizens.
Observing the Indian Republic Day (Gantantra Diwas)
Indian Union saw the celebration of the very first Republic Day on the 26th of January 1950. During this year, the newly formed central government of India adopted the Constitution that is the foundation of all laws and acts, with which the country is still run. The government officially adopted the Constitution on the 24th of January, 1950 by signing the authorized notifications. 2 days after this official signing, the Constitution came into full-fledged implementation.
Story and History of Republic Day
The common people of India rejoiced on 15th of August 1947 as the British government was finally leaving the country for good, after centuries of oppression. Both Indian political leaders and commoners had a role to play in this struggle. The British left India only after implementing the Indian Independence Act of 1947. As per the draft of this act, India was to be divided into two parts, thereby forming the independent country for the Muslims, Pakistan. This freedom was constitutional monarchy. The head of this system of government was George VI. Lord Mountbatten was still to serve as the governor general of the country. They were to assist in the newly independent country make the transition smoothly.
The then Prime Minister was of the opinion that each independent country needed its constitution for running the administrative tasks. Thus, a new committee was commissioned for taking over the task of drafting the all-important book that will guide the governments to rule the nation and its people. The name of the committee was the appropriately kept the Drafting Committee. It took place immediately after the country gained her independence, on the 28th of August, 1947. Dr. B. R Ambedkar was given the responsibility to look after and monitor the activities of this committee.
On the 4th of November 1947, the drafting committee presented the first drafted constitution for the recommendation of the government. The authority though that some modification were need for the better governance of the country and its people. Finally on the 24th of January, 1950, the final draft of our written Constitution was officially accepted. It happened approximately after 2 years 11 months and 18 days. On this landmark day, all 308 affiliates of the Drafting Committee, gave their consent to the Constitution. It was announced that from the 26th January, the drafted Constitution was to be followed for running the state affairs.
How is it celebrated in India?
- Celebration at national level – The entire nation has its focus fixed on the Republic Day celebrations that take place in New Delhi. The President is the chief guest and he hoists the national flag in the presence of the Prime Minister and all other ministers. He takes the salute of all three branches of the army and oversees the performance of school students. Each state represents itself with beautifully decorated tableau. This parade takes place on the Rajpath.
- Celebration at state level – The capital city in each state hosts its on parade to mark the celebration of yet another joyful Republic Day in India. The police force and other government departments showcase their abilities in this parade. The governor of each state is the guest of honor. He takes the “salute” of the police and armed forces, taking part in the parade. It is followed by cultural, musical and dance performances.
- Celebration at local levels – Apart from national and state level celebrations, local level administrative departments also play their part in celebrating the Republic Day. Small local parades are organized, where school students walk with flags in their hands. Local administration organizes special cultural and entertaining programs, all related with India’s struggle for freedom.
- Flag hoisting is an important ritual – We eat the Independence Day celebration or the Republic Day inauguration, it will not be complete without the official hoisting of Indian national flag. All programs take place only after the chief guest has hosted the Tricolour along with the drum roll. It mark the commencement all celebrations.
- Holding public talks – Political leaders, wise individual and celebrities take part in public discussions where the focus is on India and its Republic status. These meetings increase awareness among common people about how our ancestors struggled to achieve their Independence.
- Special celebration in academic institutes – Attendance is compulsory in all government and public schools on the Republic Day. Classes are not held on this day as it is a national holiday. Children take part in march-past, the principal hoists the flag, and musical and dance programs and performed by school students. These programs have a patriotic theme.
- Debate and drawing competitions – Organizing is another popular program that create and enhances awareness among common people. In local areas, the administrative bodies invest in organizing such Debate competition and sit-n-draw competition for children of all ages. These programs based on national and patriotic themes.
- Other cultural programs – Musical and dance performances, highlighting India’s struggle for freedom, and the long journey it has made to achieve the present status, are also organized by clubs.
- Celebrations in Indian embassies – People of Indian origin, who have settled in foreign lands, also take pride in celebrating the 26th of January in their own way. Indian embassies in other countries organized special musical and cultural programs to entertain people who hail from India. These are ways in which Indians pay homage to their motherland even if they are away from their country.
Importance of the republic day for any nation
Republic Day is not only an important celebration for people living in India. Most other countries celebrate their own version of Republic Day. It is just not an important date that marks the implementation of a path-breaking administrative reform, but also suggests that the country is independent of all foreign influences and has the capability of looking after the need of its citizens. It is a symbol of independence. It imparts a feeling of oneness among all citizens and will also Foster a feeling of patriotism in every heart.
The Republic Day celebration is one of the most prestigious national events for all Indian nationals. It is not just a national holiday but is an important landmark in the history of India’s political quest towards being a part of the modern world. In fact, every country should celebrate its national occasions with pomp and grandeur. Thus, Indians will continue to celebrate the Republic Day for as long as the nation is in existence.
Quotes And Slogans on Indian Republic Day
- A nation will attain the republican and democratic nature in the rue sense when people from all walks of life will be able to make use of their freedom and create something for the greater good.
- India will not be able to grow and develop itself as a truly republic nation if it does not give equal importance to the rich and the poor, the educated and the illiterate, the haves and the have not’s.
- Any republican state has both flexible and stringent features. When needed, it can alter its rules for bringing relief for the commoners, but will not shy away from putting up a tough fight to protect its sovereignty.
- A nation that does not grant women their rights, do not know what the characteristics of a republican state stands for. A democratic nation sees both men and women in the same light.
- If the government can highlight a right balance of freedom for its people and tolerance against hardships, it will be able to rise as a true republic.
- In a republican nation, only the law will guide and decide the conduct of the commoners. It will not put people under the law of any other individual. The rule of the constitution is the ultimate.