Porus History Biography TV Serial Cast
King Porus is one of the important names in World History. He was well known as the bravest king of India of all time. His clash with Alexander the Great was one of the biggest event in Indian History. Not only the bravest king but Porus was also famous for his gratitude and power of earn respect from his own enemies. Porus was mentioned in the history of ancient Greece as well for his bravery and clash with Alexander the Great.
Background History of Paurava Dynasty
Porus belonged to Paurava Dynasty. Now Punjab was the region where Pauravas had their empire. The region was located in between the rivers namely Chenab and Jhelum. It has been said that the Pauravas Dynasty was mentioned in the Rig Vedas. Hence the dynasty was somewhere related to the Vedic civilisation. Puru King Bharat was the direct ancestor of Porus. The name ‘Bharatvarsh’ was given to this country after the name of the Puru King Bharat.
Porus – Early Life
There is no such information regarding the birth year of Porus or anything related to his early life. However the King was compared to the King of Nanda Empire, Padma Nanda, to get some details about his early life. He was in power during 340 BC to 321 BC. So it can be said that he was born sometimes before 340 BC.
On the power front, the King of Nanda was much more powerful than Porus. According to the history, King of Nanda Empire had 2, 00,000 infantry while Porus has only 30, 000. When Porus fought with Alexander the Great he only had 85 war elephants while Nanda had 6,000. Nanda is said to be a little older than Porus. During the reign of Porus, Dhana Nanda of Magadha Dynasty had come on power after his father Padma Nanda died.
Family – Parents
- As mentioned that none of the historical facts had any information about Porus’ early life, information regarding his parents and family is unknown as well. In recent times, a periodic drama in an Indian Television Channel Sony TV India on Porus has shown his early life and family.
- According to that drama, Porus was a son of Taxila (Takshashila) Princess Anusuya and Puru Empire King Bamni. As said that no historical evidence has been found in support of this information, it could be a fictional fact that the makers have used in the drama.
- On the contrary, according to Greek history, the King of Taxila (Takshashila) had invited Alexander the Great to fight with Porus as it was said that Porus was the biggest rival of the Taxila King at that point of time. So it is not convincing that Porus is a son of Anusuya or somewhere related to Takshashila Dynasty.
Porus versus the Great Alexander Clash
One of the biggest fights in World History is the fight between Porus and Alexander the Great. The fight took in the year 326 BC in the month of May. When Alexander approached the east zone of the Hydaspes, currently known as Jhelum River, Porus was all set for the war with his army men. He fought till the end until all his army was destroyed by the Alexander army.
When Porus realised he had lost all his army men and chariots, he surrendered. However he said that he wanted to be treated as a King must be. Alexander the Great appreciated his effort and bravery. With minimum infantry, war elephant and cavalry, Porus didn’t surrender until he was completely defeated by the opposition.
Alexander had returned his empire to Porus and also gave him more lands from south-east region up to Beas River (Now). The war was won by the Greek Warriors, but Porus was being called the bravest King in India since then.
By contradicting the fact, many historians have raised a question on Alexander’s decision of leaving Porus even after defeating him. According to Greek history, Alexander won the battle, but according to his history, he had never left any defeated King alive after the battle. Many of the historians still believe that Porus might have won the battle but it wasn’t mentioned in the history.
According to an Indian researcher in 1960, A Persian Epic namely Shahnameh said that Alexander was defeated by King Porus. Instead of killing Alexander, Porus made him his friend. This is the reason why Alexander had given him his territory and some more portion of land. This information was revived in 1990 again in Pakistan. But it wasn’t considered as the real fact.
Verdict – Death of Porus
After defeating Porus, Alexander had given him lands of south-east region. He has made Porus a Satrap of the region. Alexander didn’t kill Porus like he did for other defeated kings. After Alexander’s death in 326 BC, it is said that one of his Indian Satrap has killed Porus.
Though there is no historical evidence in support of this statement but it was said in Greek history that Porus was murdered by Eudamus, one of Alexander’s Satraps. After death of Alexander, Porus was declared as the defender under Alexander’s successor Perdiccas. After perdiccas’ death, Eudamus – one of the satrapies, has joined Peithon to hold back leaders of eastern region. In 321 BC, Eudamus had murdered Porus to get hold of all his war elephants.
This is written in Greek History. However no solid proof has been found by any historians to prove this story about Porus’ death.
Successor of Porus – Malayketu
Malayketu was said to be the successor and son of Porus. According to historical facts, after death of Porus, Malayketu got the throne. He was supposed to bring back the Puru Empire but he failed to do so. With the death of Porus, the Puru Dynasty had started falling down. Malayketu failed to save it. Hence the Dynasty had ended there.
Almost at the same time Nanda Dynasty too had fallen down badly. As per the Greek and Indian History, it was the time when Maurya Dynasty had come to power by washing away Nanda Dynasty.