Monday , September 27 2021

Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay (freedom fighter) Biography

Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay (freedom fighter) Biography Books Quotes

Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay was a freedom fighter and a social reformer. Born on 3rd April 1903, she was one of the bravest woman fighters at that time. She was the first woman in India who was being arrested while fighting for the nation. On 3rd April 2018, the Google Inc has celebrated her 115th birth anniversary with the Google Doodle.

Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay (freedom fighter) Biography Books Quotes

Full NameLate Smt. Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay
Born on3rd April 1903
Birth PlaceMangalore, Karnataka, India
ProfessionFreedom Fighter, Social Reformer
EducationDiploma in Sociology
ParentsFather: Ananthaya Dhareshwar

Mother: Girijabai

Death29th October 1988
Death PlaceMumbai, Maharashtra, India
Spouse (s)Late Krishna Rao (from 1917 to 1919)

Late Harindranath Chattopadhyay (from 1923 to 1955)

ChildrenRamakrishna Chattopadhyay (son)

Initial Life & Education

  • Kamaladevi was born and brought up in Mangalore, Karnataka. Her father was the District Collector while her mother was a successor of an aristocrat family at that time. Kamala devi’s grandmother and mother, both of them were scholars of their own time. It was much easier for Kamaladevi to inherit all of the knowledge that her ancestors had.
  • Kamaladevi was the youngest child among four children in the family. She was a phenomenal student since childhood. She got married at early age when she was 14 years old. Unfortunately, she got windowed after a couple of years.
  • She went to Queen Mary’s college in Chennai. After her second marriage at the age of 20, she went to London with her husband and completed her diploma in Sociology from London. After that she came back to India to join Gandhiji in his non co-operation movement in the year 1923.

Family Tree

Kamala devi’s parents had 4 children. She was the youngest one. At the age of 14 she got married to Krishna Rao, however, got widowed at 16. After that she went to college where she met Harindranath Chattopadhyay and got married to him when she was 20 years old.

Their only son Ramakrishna Chattopadhyay was born after a year of their marriage. Kamaladevi went to London with her son after a few months of Harindranath’s visit to the London for the first time. After few years she came back to India to join movements for India’s independence.

Career & Achievement

  • Kamaladevi was influenced by many freedom fighters since her childhood. She met some of them as they were her father’s friends. She showed her interest in independence streak that she got from her maternal ancestors.
  • She was interested in arts, music and several cultural activities since she was in college. It is the art that made her befriend with her husband Harindranath. At that period of time it was not easy to continue with arts and cultural activities. She, along with her husband, had still managed to write several plays and skits that encouraged independence movements.
  • She went to London and finished her studies there. After that when he came to know about Mahatma Gandhi Ji led Non Cooperation Movement, she came back to India to join the movement in the year 1923.
  • She joined Seva Dal in India and started training and guiding women from all corners of the nation to make them Sevikas of the dal. She made them independent workers under her expert guidance.
  • In the year 1926, she led Madras Provincial Legislative Assembly and ran the assembly as head. She was the first woman head who ran legislative assembly. After a few years she lost her seat.
  • In the same year, she was appointed as the Organisation Secretary for All India Women’s Conference. That was the same year, when Irwin College was established for women in Delhi.
  • In 1930, she joined Gandhiji in his Salt Satyagraha Movement. She was arrested when she was distributing packet of salts which was a part of the movement. She came to forefront as a strong freedom fighter when she grasped the tricolour in order to save it from a fight took place.
  • After independence she went to Faridabad to save innumerable refugees who have suffered due to partition. She relentlessly worked at that time to settle them and find them home.
  • After 1950 she started working on aspects that could make India independent of western products. She also established National School of Drama and Sangeet Natak Akademi.


  • Civilian Award: Kamaladevi Ji has won two highest level Civilian Awards of Republic India, Padma Bhushan and Padma Vibhushan Awards in 1955 & 1987 respectively.
  • Ramon Magsaysay Award: She won Ramon Magsaysay Award in the year 1966 for her contribution towards community leadership in the nation.
  • Sangeet Natak Akademi: She won Ratna Sadsya, the highest award in Sangeet Natak Akademi and the fellowship of the Akademi which is also a highly respected award of all time. The Academy awarded her Life Time Achievement Award in the year 1974.
  • UNESCO: In the year 1977, UNESCO awarded her for her immense contribution to the arts, handicrafts, culture and their promotion. Shantiniketan in West Bengal too had awarded her with Desikottoma for the same.

Book List 

Books on KamaladeviYearBooks by KamaladeviYear
India’s 50 most illustrious womenThe Awakening of Indian Women1939
Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay2007Japan – Its Weakness & Strength1943
The Iconic Woman of Modern India2006Uncle Sam’s Empire1944
Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay – A True Karmayogi2003In War-Torn China1944
Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay – Portrait of a Rebel2003Towards A National Theatre1945
Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay – Biography2002America – The Land of Superlatives1946
Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay – Roles for Women’s Welfare2000At the Cross Roads1947
Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay1999Socialism & Society1950
Tribalism in India1978
Handicrafts of India1995
Indian Women’s Battle for Freedom1983
Indian Carpets and Floor Covering1974
Indian Embroidery1976
Indian Craft Tradition2000
Indian Handicrafts1963
The Glory of Indian Handicrafts1985
Inner Recesses, Outer Spaces1986
Tradition of Indian Folk Dance


In the year 1988, she died in Mumbai. She was 85 years old at the time of her death.




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