Jallianwala Bagh (Hatyakand) Essay History Facts Massacre Day Speech Quotes
India and Indians suffered a lot under the rule of the East India Company and the British Rule. They enslaved the people and stripped them off their basic rights. Indians were treated like dirt, and these oppressions led to the birth of Indian freedom struggle. British officers committed several crimes against innocent Indians. If there is one incident that put the entire British Government to shame, it had to be the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre. It was so dreadful that it earned its place in history books. Each year, Indians celebrate Jallianwala Bagh Massacre Day to pay respect to those who died that day.
|1||Event name||Massacre Day|
|2||Reason behind the event||Jallianwala Bagh Hatyakand|
|3||Date of the hatyakand||13th of April, 1919|
|5||Supervised by||General Dyer|
Origin of the day (Date Of Jallianwala Bagh Hatyakand)
A horrific event took place on the 13th of April, 1919, under the order of General Dyer. Hundreds lost their lives as the General gave the orders to open fire. It was one of worst acts of oppression that the British government carried out. Even higher authority did not spare words to shun this heinous act. After India acquired her freedom, the central government announced that this date will be celebrated as Jallianwala Bagh Massacre Day.
History of the day
The Amritsar Massacre is more popularly known as the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre. It took place on the 13th of April, 1919. There is a ground in Amritsar that is named as the Jallianwala Bagh.
On that day, hundreds of women, children, elderly, and men gathered to protest against the British cruelty. It was a non-violent gathering, and the number of attendants went up as Baishakhi pilgrims also joined them in the public garden. During this time, Punjab was protesting as the British arrested and tried two prominent extremist leaders.
As matters worsened, the Punjab government declared a curfew. But this did not stop the coming people to come out in huge numbers.
As there were some specific rules in place, due to the curfew, the Punjab army, under Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer, gathered outside the garden. The garden had entrance on one side. The General was prepared to tackle any situation with brute force. He was aware of the fact that these people were unarmed and non-violent. He saw that children and old people were present in the meeting. Even then, he ordered the soldiers to open fire.
In this shoot out, around 1000 or more people lost their lives. People tried to save their lives by scaling the walls by steeping on the fallen bodies, but all in vain. Some even tried to shield themselves from the bullets by jumping in the well that was located in the middle of the garden. When the shooting stopped, there were only dead bodies everywhere. The ground turned red with their bloods.
The incident made the people sit up and skate note. Country wide protests started against the government, and people finally saw what the British actually wanted. This sealed the fate of the British as well, and they too condemned the act of the General. Soon after India acquired her freedom, the leaders made sure that the people do not forget the incident that took place in the public garden.
Announcement of the day
The announcement about the celebration of Jallianwala Bagh Massacre Day was declared by the central government of India. To commemorate the death of hundreds of innocent Indians the central government erected a memorial. This was done after the declaration of Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial Act. All these happened in 1951. Since then, 13th April is celebrated as the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre Day in India.
Objectives of celebrating this day
- Keep the memories alive – The main objective of the celebration of this day is to bring up the memories of that fate less day in the minds of the country folks. Though it is a sad day in Indian history, its celebration will help people to keep in touch with their past roots.
- Not to forget the sacrifices – The central government announced the Jallianwala Bagh Law in the first place to ensure that others do not forget about the massacre. Celebrating this day, each year, will forever keep the memory of their deaths alive in the minds.
- Allow youngsters to know their past – Youngsters do not show interest in learning the history of our nation. But a sacrifice like this should never be obliterated from the memory of people. Celebrating this day will provide younger generation with the information they require.
- Glorify the freedom movement of the nation – It is not easy to lay down one’s life in the service of the nation. Every innocent child, and adult who died on that day, deserve our respect as they pushed the nation towards the freedom struggle.
How is it celebrated?
- Holding special prayers – All those people who lost their lives on that hapless day, unknowingly did their part in igniting the fire for freedom struggle. Most gurudwaras arrange prayer ceremonies to offer peace and tranquility to the lost souls.
- Arranging special parades in Punjab – Most clubs and NGOs, organize special parades all over the state. They involve school and college students in the parade. It allows the younger generation to remember the sacrifice of those people.
- Organizing meetings at local levels – Though the event is celebrated at national level, it is celebrated by each local administrative body. They set up stage and organize programs, which not only help people to remember that day, but also pay their respects.
- Meeting at the location – People from far and near, travel to the Jallianwala Bagh during the anniversary of the massacre day. Families who lost their relatives make it a point to come to this location, and place flowers on the memory statue.
It is on days like this that the entire nation comes together, and mourns for the loss of all those brave people, who had to lay down their lives to achieve the freedom. These sacrifices make it even more special and worth cherishing. Though it is a day to lament, people use this opportunity to remember the brave hearts, and pray for the peace of their souls. Shedding tears will decrease the value of their sacrifice.
Quotes on Jallianwala Bagh Massacre Day
- The Jallianwala Bagh incident united the entire nation in its fight against the British oppression.
- Even the British government was unable to believe the horrific events that took place on 13 April 1919.
- It is the responsibility of each Indian to pay respect towards the people who lost their lives in the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre.
- A true Indian will never forget about the innocent blood that was spilled on the Jallianwala Bagh ground.
- The British wanted to break the willpower and freedom movement of the people in Punjab. They were unknowingly driving another nail in their coffin.