Sunday , September 26 2021

Indian National Flag Day (Tiranga Jhanda) Essay History

Indian National Flag Day (Tiranga Jhanda) Essay Speech Quotes

A flag is the most important symbol of any free nation. It is that one emblem that will represent the presence or participation of that country on any international platform. Each country celebrates the date on which the flag is officially adopted. The same is true for India.

Date of Indian National Flag Day

In India, the National Flag Day is celebrated on the 7th December. It is an annual even that is celebrated with pomp and grandeur to mark an important emblem that represents the unity, freedom and sovereignty of our country.

Designer of the Indian National Flag

The main designer of the Indian National Flag was Pingali Venkayya. He was given the responsibility to fashion a flag that will not only highlight the freedom and unity of India but will also highlight its unique nature. The symbol and color selection was all the more important to respect all religious sentiments.

Ratio of the Indian National Flag

The Indian National Flag is rectangular in shape, with the opposite sided being equal in length and parallel to each other. The flag has a certain proportion that is associated with its length and width. 2:3 is the length to width ratio of the flag. When manufacturing the flag, this proportion must be maintained.

Meaning of the colors in the flag

  1. Saffron of Kesari – The first band at the top of the flag has a Kesari or saffron hue. This color highlights the importance of sacrifice, and truth. Without these elements, a free nation will cease to exist.
  2. White – The second band in the flag is white. It denotes truth and peace. If there is no peace within the borders of a country, then the government will not be able to function for the betterment of the people.
  3. Indian Green – Lastly, the Indian Green color provides a direct link to the soil. This hue is associated with the prosperity and growth of the nation. It stands for the fertility of the land that will produce crops to feed the teeming millions.

History of the Tiranga Flag

The Indian national flag consists of three colored strips. Due to the presence of these three colors, the flag is also known as the Tricolor or the Tiranga Flag. The flag that we see today did not always look like this. There were many flags which were adopted by the revolutionaries and freedom fighters during the years of India’s struggle from freedom. The evolution that the flag designs went through can also represent India’s journey as a free nation over time. To get a clear idea about this, we need to check out the history of national flag evolution.

Before the freedom movement began, all princely states had their own flag. During 1857, the need was felt for a single flag for the entire nation. Several ideas were pitched but none of them were able to make the cut. On 7th August, 1906, the first national flag was raised at Kolkata, in a place called Parsee Bagan. This flag consisted of three horizontal strips of green, yellow and red. After this, Madam Cama adopted another version that had the colors mentioned above. Additionally the top most stripe has lotus and seven star symbols.

The third version of Indian national flag was introduced by the joint efforts of Lokmanya Tilak and Annie Besant. This flag has alternating red (five) and green (four) bands. A semicircular while moon and seven stars were also present on this flag. Lastly, Mahatma Gandhi designed the flag that had proportional bands of saffron, white and Indian green hues. Finally in 1931, this was adopted as the national flag of India. On 22nd July, 1947, the Tricolor flag with the Ashoka Chakra in the middle was declared to be final flag.

All rules associated with the National Flag

  1. As this is a symbol of India’s freedom and prestige, any individual or institute should refrain from using it for any saleable tenacity.
  2. One must not lower of dip the flag in order to show respect to a certain individual or any non-living material in particular.
  3. Only when a respected constitutional head passes away, the flag is flown in half-mast in order to mourn the loss of the country. Except this occasion, the flag must never be in half-mast. It is an insult to the flag.
  4. No one is allowed to wrap the flag on any object or on a person. It is forbidden to fix the flag on the hood of any car. Only the government will take the final decision as to whether a person’s dead body deserves a flag drape or not.
  5. It is forbidden to use the flag as a uniform or costume. One must also refrain from the use of the flag design on any cushion or pillows.
  6. Nothing should be written on the flag with pen or via stitching.
  7. Apart from keeping blooms petals, which will enhance the beauty and position of the flag during any flag hoisting ceremony, this national emblem must not be used to carry or hold anything else.
  8. Any prominent status unveiling can have the flag. But this respectable national emblem must never be utilized to mask the status before it is unveiled.
  9. If a public speech is to be delivered, the flag must never be draped on the podium.
  10. Whether the flag is fixed on a pole or placed somewhere else, one must see to it that this national symbol is not in contact with the ground.
  11. When the national flag is hoisted, it must be given the highest respect. No other flag, object or person must be placed in a position that is above the flag.
  12. The pole from where the national flag will be hoisted must not have any other flags. It is forbidden to hoist a flag that has suffered from any damage due to lack of maintenance.
  13. Only government vehicles, where the high profile political leaders and constitutional heads travel must have the flag. It is strictly mentioned in the book of laws. Other than this, no other vehicle must have this flag.
  14. While manufacturing the flag, the manufacturer must stick to all the codes and specifications, like the proportion, shape, design and colors of our national flag.
  15. The flag must be hoisted as the sun rises and must be lowered with the setting sun. Bugle and drum roll must mark the ceremony. Under no circumstance must the flag remain on the mast head after sunset.
  16. In case any flag has suffered any damage, care must be taken to destroy it. It is to be done privately, with fire and full respect.
  17. If Indian National Flag is to be hoisted along with the national flags of other countries, then all the masts must be equal in length. It will display respect to our nation as well as the other nations,


The Indian National Flag is much more than just a national emblem. It is the primary symbol that represents India and anything or anyone related to our nation. When a person represents India on an international platform, the National Flag is placed in front of him/her. The flag represents not only the person but also the country. Thus, it is mandatory that every person pays respect to the national flag. Valuing the flag is equal to respecting the country.


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