Democracy Essay [History Types ] Speech, Quotes
With its advent in Ancient Greece, democracy has maintained its power by working as a system of rules based upon the Government ‘of the people’, ‘for the people’, and ‘by the people’. The word ‘democracy’ has been derived from the words ‘demos’ (meaning – people) and ‘Kratic’ (meaning – power). Having a short life in Ancient Greece, it expanded magnificently in the eighteenth century and eventually carried out successfully in the recent days.
An Introduction to Democracy – The History
What had begun around 2500 years ago in Ancient Greece, were taken forward by Athens. The people of Athens developed a mode of making decisions different from the past. The first city which allowed the common people to access the government offices and courts happens to be Athens. According to the theories, the Athenian citizens were the eligible folks to vote and speak in the Assembly setting the laws of the city-state. However, in reality, Athens didn’t follow the democracy, for the women and the foreigners weren’t included, besides the slaves.
8 Types of Governmental Democracy
The primary types and forms of democracy have been mentioned right below.
- Direct democracy – A direct democracy is touted only when the citizens get the license to vote for the policy in a direct form, and sans either intermediate representative or the house of the parliament. When the government passes a certain policy, it must go to the people.
- Representative democracy – Representative democracy is the indirect democracy which happens when the citizens are able to vote for the representative in the parliament. It is the most common form of the democracy.
- Presidential democracy – The democracy which offers significant powers to the president over the state is referred to as the presidential democracy. The candidate, here, is either directly or indirectly elected by the citizen of the state.
- Parliamentary democracy – Under a parliamentary democracy, the legislature gets more power over anyone else. The head of state in the parliamentary democracy is different from the head of the government, and both have varying degrees of power.
- Authoritarian democracy – An authoritarian democracy is when the elites are the parliamentary process. The individual of the states are given an allowance to vote for the selected candidate, but the ‘regular people’ cannot enter the elections, however.
- Participatory democracy – This kind of democracy is opposite to the authoritarian democracy. The participatory democracy has different types and forms. But, all types create the opportunities for the members of the population to make some meaningful contributions.
- Islamic democracy – An Islamic democracy happens to apply Islamic laws to the public exclusively. It maintains a democratic framework concurrently and has three primary characteristics. Firstly, the leaders have to be elected by the people only. Secondly, everyone must subject to the Sharia law (the leaders too). Lastly, leaders shall commit to practicing ‘shura’ (shura is a special type of consultation by Prophet Muhammad).
- Social democracy – This type of democracy focuses on empowering the state over the neoliberal market’s whims.
What is Non-Governmental Democracy?
Besides the public sphere, as well as the mechanisms of voting, are used for governing other types of the groups. There are multiple non-governmental organizations which have decided the policy and leadership in the mode of voting. Most of the trade unions, as well as the cooperatives, have been governed by the democratic elections. The shareholders control the corporations are controlled on the principle of one share, one vote, and at the time on the principle of getting supplemented by the workplace democracy.
5 Factors Leading to Democracy
The factors leading to democracy have been mentioned right below.
- People as Sovereign – The Government should be ‘of the people, by the people, and for the people’.
- Majority Rule – It includes the size of the majority and the types by state and population.
- Rule of Law – Law happens to be the supreme rule and not the supremacy of the person or group or his or her class as the ruler.
- Separation of Powers –The powers of the government shall be internally separated into the branches.
- Minority Rights – The rights like the pluralism and multi-party access must be acquired in all levels of decision-making.
7 Effects of Democracy
In the contemporary world, democracy has a wider effect which has been mentioned in the below-mentioned list (one by one).
- Safety – It ensures the safety and security of the citizens under the umbrella of democracy.
- Freedom of Speech – It also ensures to give the freedom of speech to the adherent criticizing the Government, when it goes ashtray.
- Free elections – It also gives the allowance to hold free elections and enables people to change the government after a specific period of time.
- The existence of various political parties – It also ensures the existence of various political parties which always try to capture the form as well as the power of the government.
- Freedom of the press – Democracy helps in ensuring the freedom of the press which also acts as the lever in order to warn the Government whenever it is going ashtray.
- Freedom to Workers – It gives freedom to the workers in order to form their individual trade unions.
- Enable Citizens’ Aspirations – It ensures to enable the citizens’ aspirations for any post, even if they belong to some common families.
In a world where with newer technology it is changing time and again, and where change being the only constant, the future of democracy is uncertain. Predicting the future of democracy is hence inexact. With the profound effect of the IT revolution and the developed world’s inequality, it is hard to predict the future opportunities of democracy. So is it unpredictable to presume the connection between freedom and equality, and whether or not it will get change under the new circumstance’s pressure. Will democracy be the free market economy or the rule of law in a recognizable form?