Communalism In India [Essay, Speech, Debate] [Effects, Causes and History]
Communalism happens to be a system which integrates federations as well as communal ownership of highly localized independent communities. Defined as a theory of the society, Communalism has been divided into numerous small and independent communes, where what remains a confederation is the state. It is something which puts the interest of the community and is usually done on the principle of the community that exists for the benefits of individuals. The finest way of serving the interests of the individual is with the interests of the community.
Primary Cause of Communalism
With the rise of nationalism, communalism has made its prominence by the end of the nineteenth century.Communalism is posed as the biggest threat to the Indian unity as well as its national movement.So, before shedding lights on the pros and cons, here’s a list of causes of communalism.
- Economic and Educational Backwardness of Indian Muslims
Colonial India has been characterized by the act of the modern institutions as well as educations, which has resulted in the nepotism and competition of the Muslims against the Hindus. Since the beginning; Hindus have dominated the colonial services, for they quickly adapted the complex colonial structure. Contrarily, the colonial government of British viewed the Muslims with suspicion due to the revolt of 1857, and hence Hindus were being patronized. This resulted in the resentment in Muslims which happened in the late 19th century. Upon then, the Muslims formed a pressure group in order to pressurize the colonial government to avail concessions to them as an entirely separate community.
- Hindu Tinge in Nationalist Propaganda
The religious elements of Hindus started to include Hindu religious elements during the national movement. Instantly, BalGangadharTilakintroduced the Ganesh pooja as well as Shivaji Mahaotsav in order to propagate nationalism. And incidentally, the association with god Ganesh and shivaji was a tool used to alert Muslims. This also was a reason behind the non-partition of the Muslims in whopping numbers in the Indian National Congress, but this continued only until1919. In the past decades, 8-9% of the members were Muslims, out of the Indian National Congress. A similar approach has been witnessed with the agitation against the partition of Bengal which began with the people taking dips in the holy Ganges.
3.Divide and Rule Policy of British
Due to the political growth of the British, it divided the Indian society. In the colonial India, the official patronages were partially common and the demands of the communal were also accepted. This helped in strengthening the communal organizations politically. The colonial rulers were tolerant enough towards the communal organizations and leaders. Communalism was hence an effective implementation by the British, thereby weakening the rising nationalism and of India. The Hindu-Muslim disunity wassighted as a reason of colonial rule’s continuation in the country.
3 Effects of Communalism
Communalism has an array of impacts, some of the effects of communalism have been mentioned right below.
- The organization of political parties on the communal basis.
- The selection of candidates for the elections.
- The voting on the communal basis.
3Pros of Communalism
Some of the pros of communalism have been mentioned right below.
- Communalism uses the idea of particular religious groups, just like the aforementioned thing, it also uses the religious ideas among the same groups.
- Communalism uses the religion’s identity for political goals.
- Communalism is all about loyalty and commitment.
3Cons of Communalism
Some of the cons of communalism have been mentioned right below.
- Communalism might be termed as a violation of Indian humanity as well as Indian democratic faith when it comes to the constitution of the country.
- In the Indian society, people are discriminated on the basis of cast, creed, and color. So if illiterates are taught, then this would raise the level of patience and several disasters taking place might be a possibility.
- Communalism is a plot of gold for almost the entire queue of politicians, which has only intensified the sense of ego as well as prestige problems.
India is a democratic country, which means that India happens to be a country of people and not of some particular community or some caste. On the contrary, communalism denotes exactly the opposite. As a result, it just focuses on the development of the 60% of the population that is neglecting the minorities in the country. This is indeed a mode to frustration which when familiar with the world immediately causes the loss of life.